Ayurveda is a 5,000-year-old system of natural healing that has its origins in the Vedic culture of India. Although suppressed during years of foreign occupation, Ayurveda has been enjoying a major resurgence in both its native land and throughout the world. Tibetan medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine both have their roots in Ayurveda. Early Greek medicine also embraced many concepts originally described in the classical Ayurvedic medical texts dating back several thousands of years.
Ayurveda is a science of life (Ayur = life, Veda = science or knowledge). It offers a body of wisdom designed to help people stay vital while realizing their full human potential. Providing guidelines on ideal daily and seasonal routines, diet, behavior and the proper use of our senses, Ayurveda reminds us that health is the balanced and dynamic integration between our environment, body, mind, and spirit.
Recognizing that human beings are part of nature, Ayurveda describes three fundamental energies that govern our inner and outer environments: movement, transformation, and structure. Known in Sanskrit as Vata (Wind), Pitta (Fire), and Kapha (Earth), these primary forces are responsible for the characteristics of our mind and body.
Each of us has a unique proportion of these three forces that shapes our nature. If Vata is dominant in our Ayurvedic Consultation system, we tend to be thin, light, enthusiastic, energetic, and changeable. If Pitta predominates in our nature, we tend to be intense, intelligent, and goal-oriented and we have a strong appetite for life. When Kapha prevails, we tend to be easy-going, methodical, and nurturing. Although each of us has all three forces, most people have one or two elements that predominate.
For each element, there is a balanced and imbalance expression. When Vata is balanced, a person is lively and creative, but when there is too much movement in the system, a person tends to experience anxiety, insomnia, dry skin, constipation, and difficulty focusing. When Pitta is functioning in a balanced manner, a person is warm, friendly, disciplined, a good leader, and a good speaker. When Pitta is out of balance, a person tends to be compulsive and irritable and may suffer from indigestion or an inflammatory condition. When Kapha is balanced, a person is sweet, supportive, and stable but when Kapha is out of balance, a person may experience sluggishness, weight gain, and sinus congestion.
Ayurveda (आयुर्वेद) is basis of our growth in Dr Burns India. Ayurveda is more than 5000 years old system of medicines that are based at Jadi-Buti (Herbs), Yoga (Physical Exercise), sudhi (Purification) etc. Ayurveda describes the beneficial, non beneficial, happy and unhappy aspects of life. Health is defined as the state of equilibrium of dosha (humours), agni (digestive juices, enzymes and hormones), dhatu (tissues) and the normal excretion of mala (waste materials), along with a happy state of atma (soul), indriya (sensory and motor organs), and manas (mind). Ayurveda is a Sanskrit word derived from ayur (life) and veda (knowledge), and is also known as the “science of life”.
The Ayurvedic concepts of physiology, pathology, diagnosis, medicine and therapeutics are based on the doctrine of tridoshas: vata, pitta and kapha. They are designated as doshas because of their capacity to vitiate other doshas and also as dhatus as they support the body. The doshas are present in every cell and move through every channel of the body.
Our body is made-up of five elements known as Maha Panch Bhutas i.e. Pritvi (earth), Jal (water), Agni (fire), Vayu (air) and Akash (space). Seven basic Dhatu mentioned in ayurveda is Rasa, Rakta, Mamsa, Meda, Asthi, Majja and Shukra. In Ayurveda, all substances are considered to inherent with 20 types of Gunas (characteristics). These are in 10 pairs of antonyms: heavy/light, cold/hot, unctuous/dry, dull/sharp, stable/mobile, soft/hard, non-slimy/slimy, smooth/coarse, minute/gross, viscous/liquid.
In classical Ayurvedic Texts, Ayurveda’s has been described in eight departmental components known as Astang (अष्टांग).
These Astang is basis of Ayurvedic Treatment.
+Kayachikitsa: Cure of diseases affecting the body. +Kaumara-bhrtya and Bala Roga: Treatment of Children. +Shalya Tantra:Surgical Procedures. +Salakya Tantra: Cure of diseases of Nose, Teeth, Ear or Eyes etc. +Bhuta-Vidya (Non visible or not explained causes like micro-organism and spirit etc.+Agada Tantra: Destruction of Poison. +Rasayana Tantra (Rejuvenation). +Vajikarana Tantra (Aphrodisiacs).
Body transport fluids with the help of Srotas (Channels) and ensuring the proper functioning of these Srotas is one of main part in Ayurvedic Treatment, because improper functioning of Channels cause disease. Oil massage and Swedana is practiced to open up these Srotas (Channels).
Rigveda (2000 BC) is the oldest recorded document regarding use of plants as medicine in India, and this tradition continued in another ancient text, Atharvaveda (1500-1000 BC), which described more plants and introduced basic concepts.
In 1000 BC, Punarvasu Atreya (head of the school of medicine) and Divodas Dhanvantari (head of the school of surgery) imparted knowledge and practical training to their students. The brilliant scholars of these schools faithfully documented the precepts of their masters in their compendia, popularly known as the Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita , respectively.
The Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita are the basic scriptures of Ayurveda, but they are supplemented by thousands of additions based on observation and experience, none of which affect the sanctity of the basic texts.